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In US politics, height matters and Trump knows it

永利彩票

    When Donald Trump literally belittles his perceived enemies - by mocking their stature - he is weaponizing a long-standing maxim of US presidential politics: Taller guys tend to win the White House.

    

    Seven candidates stand on stage at the start of the Democratic presidential primary debate in the Sullivan Arena at St. Anselm College in Manchester, New Hampshire, the US on February 7. Photo: AFPTrump - who stands at about 1.9 meters depending on which source you use - has hammered away of late at Mike Bloomberg, the former New York mayor whose campaign for the Democratic nomination is gathering pace.Bloomberg officially is 1.8 meters, but in recent tweets and interviews, Trump has lopped four inches off and alleged that Bloomberg asked to stand on a box during Democratic primary debates.He also christened the media mogul with a new nickname: "Mini Mike."All this height-shaming is not new for the Republican leader. He also has slapped 'little' or 'liddle' (or even liddle,' apostrophe included) on a number of lawmakers of varying heights - Adam Schiff, Marco Rubio, Bob Corker, to name a few.Indeed, Trump seems keenly aware that in America, height matters.What sets Trump apart is how unabashedly he is trying to use it to his advantage."It is not typical of what presidents do," said Gregg Murray, a political scientist at Augusta University in Georgia who has studied the role of height in how Americans vote.JealousyLook back at Trump's recent predecessors and they were all at least 1.87 meters tall, or close to it - Barack Obama, George W. Bush, his father, Bill Clinton, Ronald Reagan, to name a few.Indeed, Americans are so caught up with the height of their leaders that during one of the 2016 Republican presidential debates, Google has said the most frequent online search was not about a policy issue. It was about how tall Jeb Bush was (answer: 1.9 meters).This predilection for taller leaders - more stature suggesting more strength, espe永利彩票cially in times of strife, says Murray - is hardly a uniquely American thing.To wit, Prime Ministers Shinzo Abe of Japan and Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel are both taller than the average man in their countries.France's Charles de Gaulle was a towering 2 meters. Jacques Chirac was 1.9 meters. Of course, Nicolas Sarkozy was 1.7 meters.But in general, experts say tall folk have an advantage in politics - and other walks of life as well."There is overwhelming evidence that tall people have a much better chance to reach higher positions in organizations" in any country, said Abraham Buunk, a Dutch academic who coauthored a 2013 study in Leadership Quarterly entitled "Tall claims? Sense and nonsense about the importance of height of US presidents.""The advantage of taller candidates is potentially explained by perceptions associated with height: Taller presidents are rated by experts as 'greater,' and having more leadership and communications skills," the study said.The world's tallest men on average are the Dutch at 1.8 meters, according to the scientific journal eLife.Buunk said he and three colleagues took note, and eventually studied American presidents, when a Canadian graduate student colleague who had always thought he was tall came to the Netherlands and "felt rather average.""We decided to examine the psychological effects of height, starting with jealousy," Buunk wrote in an email to AFP.Inches aheadIn the United States, in presidential elections held through 2012, the taller of the two major-party candidates won 58 percent of the time.Murray says this is largely because elections tend to lure taller people as candidates."It's not like we all get in a room and point to the people who are taller," he told AFP."Tall males are much more likely to think themselves qualified to be a leader and are therefore much more likely to put themselves forward as a leader."In this campaign, two women are running for the Democratic nomination - Elizabeth Warren is about 1.8 meters, the same as rival Pete Buttigieg.Amy Klobuchar is several inches shorter - in a debate in December, she quipped that James Madison had been "a pretty good size for a president - he was five-foot-four [1.68 meters]."In 2016, Trump's Democratic opponent Hillary Clinton stood at about 1.7 meters.During one of their presidential debates that year, Trump stood behind Clinton at one point as she spoke - seen as camera-hogging clowning by some, and outright bullying by others.Murray argued that in America, at the national level at least, height is a built-in problem for women because it prevents them from looking "physically formidable" for voters seeking a leader they deem to be strong.Of course, as much as Trump tries to depict himself as taller than his opponents and says he is 1.9 meters, it does not always work.Just look at photos from the 2016 Republican debates - Jeb Bush is clearly taller.Newspaper headline: Standing tall

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1泊500円!大阪?西成の激安宿体験記、炊事場とトイレが一体だった(上)

    

     1泊500円。耳を疑うような激安宿が大阪?西成地区には存在する。一体どんな宿なのか、そして泊まっている人たちは――。2月の寒いある日、その中の1軒に実際に宿泊してみた。(取材?文?写真/フリ杭锦后旗隆恒机械设备工厂_永利彩票ージャーナリスト 秋山謙一郎)
【1泊500円!大阪?西成の激安宿体験記の写真はこちら】
● 西成の中心地にある 「1泊500円」のドヤ
この夏に開催される東京オリンピックを控えてホテル需要はうなぎ上り、宿泊費も高騰し続けている。ビジネスでの出張、プライベートでの旅行を問わず、宿泊費こそがもっとも懐の痛むところだろう。
今、ホ大冶市亚义金网络公司_永利彩票テルといえば、安くても1泊当たり石家庄市建筑设计公司_永利彩票、室内に風呂?トイレ付きのビジネスホテルで7000円から1万円程度、カプセルホテルでも3000円以上といったところか。
近頃、はやりのホス怀化市盛唐环保科技有限公司_永利彩票テル(宿泊客10名から30名程度を相部屋で収容する小規模の宿泊施設)でも3000円弱というのが相場だ。カプセルホテル、ホステルといえども、首都圏?京阪神地区といった都市部なら5000円程度といったところもあるくらいだ。
そうしたなか、にわかに注目されているのが木賃宿、いわゆるドヤだ。ホテルはもちろん、カプセルホテルよりも安価で、しかも広々东方市汇川服装设计公司_永利彩票とした個室が利用できるとあって、静かに深く、人気を集めているという。今回、そのドヤのなかでも、格安を誇ると話題の「旅館かなめ」(大阪市)に泊まってきた。
大阪の新名所?「あべのハルカス」から、西の方向へ、大人の足で歩くこと、およそ15分あまり。そこに、今や、古くて新しい観光スポットとして知られる「西成?釜ケ崎あいりん地区」がある。そのあいりん地区のど真常州市教育咨询业务部_永利彩票ん中、西成のランドマーク、旧「あいりん労働福祉センター」近くに「1泊500円」と描かれた看板が掲げられていた。ここが激安宿、「旅館かなめ」である。
歩いて数分のところには、天王寺公園もある。そこには大阪市立美術館や天王寺動物園もある。いわば文教地区だ。あべのハルカス、天王寺公園…繁華街と文教地区の狭間に、今や「日本一、ディープな場所」というキャッチが定着したあいりん地区があるのだ。かつてとは違い、治安の悪さはほとんど目立たない。外国人、日本人を問わず、若い観光客が目立つ。
あいりん地区内には、この「旅館かなめ」の系列店も含めていくつかあるという。いずれも激安で知られる。地元民の話によると、西成での宿泊費は、格安価格だと500円から800円、900円といったところだ。1000円でお釣りがくる。1000円から1500円くらいになれば標準的な価格帯となる。2000円以上も出せば「高級ホテル」の部類に属する。そのなかには「大浴場」の設備を兼ね備えているところもあるくらいだ。
もっとも、ここ大阪?西成をはじめ、東京?山谷、横浜?寿町にある、いわゆるドヤは、トイレは共同、風呂はない――というのが、ごく一般的である。
ただし、共同ながらもキッチンが備え付けられている。そもそもが労働者の長期間宿泊を目的とする施設なので、自炊のためのキッチンは欠かせないのだ。ここがホテルとの大きな違いである。今でも、労働者たちは、ドヤ選びで重視するのは、風呂の有無よりも、簡単な自炊ができる設備があるかどうかだという。

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